The Pronoun Train

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A number of mnemonics already existed for the placement of specific French pronouns, but I could never find a comprehensive single-page cheat sheet. I created this handout for this purpose, to compile all of the possible components across different moods and statements. Don’t forget to click the link for the full version. Hope it helps!

  • Sujet = Subject pronoun
  • Réfl. = Reflexive pronoun
  • o. D. (object direct) = Direct object pronoun
  • o. I. (object indirect) = Indirect object pronoun
  • Particle = Past participle

Published by Valentin Duquet

PhD student, French Studies; University of Texas at Austin.